Cedar Valley Realtor

New Spain & Republic of Texas

In 1819, the AdamsЦOnis Treaty, in exchange for giving Florida Territory to the U.S., the U.S. gave fringe areas in the West and set out a boundary between the U.S. and New Spain (now Mexico). It was at this time that the Oklahoma Panhandle was ceded to the Spanish government. In 1830, the Federal Government passed the Indian Removal Act, which ultimately required the indigenous Seminole tribes to move to Indian Territory. In 1835 the tribes began a guerilla action, the Seminole Wars. The Republic of Texas. The Republic of Texas existed as a separate country from 1836 to 1846. The republic was a break-away republic from the now independent Mexico, formed by the Texas Revolution. When Texas was annexed as a State into the Union, one of the conditions was that in exchange for the US assuming a $10 million debt, Texas would give up claims to parts of what is now Colorado, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico, and Wyoming. The resolution had a provision that new states north of the Missouri Compromise Line would be free states Ц which was just short of the border between Kansas and Colorado, creating a no-mans land that became the Oklahoma Panhandle. The AdamsЦOnis Treaty of 1819,[1] also known as the Transcontinental Treaty or the Purchase of Florida,[2] was a treaty between the United States and Spain in 1819 that gave Florida to the U.S. and set out a boundary between the U.S. and New Spain (now Mexico). It settled a standing border dispute between the two countries and was consider

d a triumph of American diplomacy. It came in the midst of increasing tensions between the U.S. and Spain regarding Spain's territorial boundries in North America vs. the United States and United Kingdom in the aftermath of the American Revolution; and also, during Spain's [Latin American wars of independence|weakened Spanish power]]. In addition to ceding Florida to the United States, the treaty settled (as between Spain and the national Government of the US) a boundary dispute along the Sabine River in Texas and firmly established the boundary of U.S. territory and claims through the Rocky Mountains and west to the Pacific Ocean, in exchange for the U.S. paying residents' claims against the Spanish government up to a total of $5,000,000 and relinquishing its (the United States') own claims on parts of Spanish-Texas west of the Sabine River and other Spanish areas under the terms of the Louisiana Purchase. This latter territorial УsettlementФ was never accepted by American Southerners in general or Louisianans in particular. They would later leave Louisiana territory and the cross into Spanish-Texas (later the Mexican State of Texas); firm in the belief that the original Louisiana Territory (which had been purchased nearly two decades earlier from France) included substantial tracts of land in what is now Colorado and New Mexico. And that the western & northern borders of Texas should include what is now the eastern third of all New Mexico and the southeastern third of Colorado.